Linux Mint's purpose is to produce an elegant, up-to-date, and comfortable GNU/Linux desktop based on Ubuntu. Some of the reasons for the success of Linux Mint are:
It's one of the most community driven distributions
It is a Debian-based distribution and as such it is very solid and it comes with one of the greatest package managers
It is compatible with and uses Ubuntu repositories. This gives Linux Mint users access to a huge collection of packages and software.
It comes with a lot of desktop improvements which make it easier for the user to do common things
There is a strong focus on making things work out of the box (WiFi cards drivers in the file system, multimedia support, screen resolution, etc)
New features in Linux Mint 18.1 MATE
Linux Mint 18.1 is a long term support release which will be supported until 2021. It comes with updated software and brings refinements and many new features to make your desktop experience more comfortable to use.
Linux Mint 18.1 "Serena" MATE Edition
Linux Mint 18.1 features the latest MATE 1.16, which brings many bug fixes and updated translations.
In MATE 1.16, the following components also switched to GTK3:
In the MintMenu application menu, the Google CSE search engine was replaced with DuckDuckGo.
Wikipedia searches are now localized and point to the version of Wikipedia in your language.
Online search engines can be disabled in the preferences.
New search bar
Xed, the text editor, was given a brand new search bar.
When searching, the text is no longer obstructed by a dialog box. Instead, the search bar appears at the bottom of the editor.
Searching in Xed
The search finds results while you are typing and you can jump from one result to the next by pressing Enter.
This makes it much easier and faster than before to find or replace something.
You might be used to this kind of search already, as it is used in other popular applications such as Firefox, Eclipse or Sublime (which it was inspired from).
Xed also received the following UI improvements:
Note: The screenshot above shows Xed running as root with the Mint-Y-Darker theme to highlight this.
Xplayer, the media player, was given the availability to blank other monitors.
Blanking the other monitor in Xplayer
If you have more than one monitor, you can now press the “Blank Other Monitors” button when playing a video in full screen. Your video will continue to play and all your other monitors will turn black.
The blanking can be toggled back and forth and automatically stops if you leave fullscreen or close the player.
This feature is also available if you plug an external monitor to a laptop, so it allows you to blank the external monitor, or to blank the laptop itself without having to close the lid.
You could already do this by switching monitors off manually, or by closing laptops lids, but that was troublesome for some people because of power management settings, the settings daemon reinterpreting your monitor configuration (thus moving your windows) or in the case of issues with energy saving (that’s common on Dell monitors for instance).
Xplayer is now fully compatible with EXIF orientation tags. In other words, it will now automatically detect and automatically rotate videos which were captured sideways or upside down.
The rotation plugin is now enabled by default, so you'll also be able to manually rotate videos out of the box. Just press Ctrl+R or click on "View -> Rotate" to rotate a video.
The subtitle plugin is now also enabled by default. If you're watching a movie and you want subtitles for it, just click on "View -> Subtitles -> Download Subtitles".
Downloading subtitles in Xplayer
Other improvements given to Xplayer include:
Interpolation was improved in the XViewer image viewer, reducing pixelation and aliasing in zoomed pictures.
The ability to rotate pictures was provided by a plugin. It is now part of the core application.
The Xreader PDF and document viewer received many bug fixes and improvements which were backported from Evince and Atril.
The main view now features HiDPI support.
Shadows look better.
The X-Apps project continues to facilitate cross-desktop efforts at producing better environments.
New libraries and resources were made available to help cross-desktop development, not only in X-Apps applications but also in other projects.
For example, Xplayer's ability to blank other monitors isn't implemented in Xplayer itself, but in libxapp, and this feature is available to other applications.
Part of the keyboard layout management in Cinnamon 3.2 is implemented in libxapp too, and that also is available to other applications or other desktop environments.
A new column is available to show where updates come from and sort them by origin.
Kernel updates in the main view are shown with more clarity than before and their version is made more prominent.
Browsing the list of available updates
In the kernel window, kernels are now sorted by version and recommendations are given for both the most stable and the most secure kernels.
Browsing the list of available kernels
The list of updates is no longer refreshed if an update fails or if it is interrupted.
Changelogs are now cached and only downloaded when needed.
Name resolution (the name given by the update manager to a group of package updates) and support for special characters were improved.
The layout of the security policy screen was improved.
The version number of the update manager now appears in the "Help -> About" dialog window.
Language Settings and Input Methods
The Language Settings checks are more exhaustive than before. In previous versions, full support for a particular language included its language packs and localized versions of popular applications such as Thunderbird and Firefox. This now includes a lot more packages such as dictionaries, help packages, fonts, and optional components which depend on the list of applications you installed.
Installing language support
The "Input Methods" configuration tool was completely redesigned. In the past, you were presented with a list of input methods and you could choose the ones you wanted to install. This was a bit confusing to novice users. Not only did it install support for other languages than the one they wanted, but they often didn't know which input methods were relevant to their language.
This was changed in Linux Mint 18.1. Users now choose a language and the tool installs the appropriate input methods for it.
Installing input methods
Thanks to a new collection of flags, the language settings now fully support HiDPI.
The Software Sources tool was given support for anycast IP global mirrors.
Anycast IP mirrors are now available
These mirrors provide multiple servers across the World and automatically redirect your requests to the appropriate server.
Unlike other mirrors which are located in a particular country, these mirrors are more or less "Worldwide" and available to all users.
The MDM display manager, which is responsible for the login screen, received many technical improvements:
In the default software selection, Banshee was replaced with Rhythmbox.
Banshee was a great application but it suffered many regressions lately, due to lack of development upstream and its reliance on Mono.
Rhythmbox provides most of its features and we made sure it integrated properly with our various environments:
This release ships with linux-firmware 1.157.5 and the Linux kernel 4.4.0-31.
"folder-color-switcher" now supports theme inheritance. You can modify the color of your folders even if you're using Mint-Y or Mint-X-Dark.
Linux Mint 18.1 features a superb collection of backgrounds from Anders Jilden, Andres Nieto Porras, Alberto Restifo, Graziano Capelli, David Marcu, Dorin Vancea, Emma Hall, Eric Kilby, John Chavez, Joe Gardner, Juergen Donauer, Jan Vasek, Kace Rodriguez, Lionello DelPiccolo, Maxime Staudenmann, Petra Fischer, Philippe Wuyts, Robert Lukeman, Sylvain Guiheneuc, Stephen Radford and Sam Schooler.
An overview of some of the new backgrounds
Linux Mint 18.1 features MATE 1.16, MDM 2.0, a Linux kernel 4.4 and an Ubuntu 16.04 package base.
Linux Mint 18.1 will receive security updates until 2021.
Until 2018, future versions of Linux Mint will use the same package base as Linux Mint 18, making it trivial for people to upgrade.
Until 2018, the development team won't start working on a new base and will be fully focused on this one.